Floransa Üniversitesi

Floransa Üniversitesi

Floransa Üniversitesi

           

            Floransa Üniversitesi (Università degli Studi di Firenze, UNIFI) İtalya`nın Floransa şehrinde yer alan bir yüksek öğrenim kurumudur. 12 fakülte ve yaklaşık 60.000 öğrenci ile ülkenin büyük ve köklü üniversiteleri arasındadır.

 

  • Ziraat Fakültesi
  • Mimarlık Fakültesi
  • Sanat Fakültesi
  • Ekonomi Fakültesi
  • Eğitim Fakültesi
  • Mühendislik Fakültesi
  • Hukuk Fakültesi
  • Matematik, Fizik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi
  • Tıp ve Cerrahi Fakültesi
  • Eczacılık Fakültesi
  • Politik Bilimler Fakültesi
  • Psikoloji Fakütesi

 

Kaynak:

1- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Florence

 

Uyarı: içerik kopyalanamaz. Ayrıntılı bilgi için kaynaklarda belirtilen internet sitelerine ulaşınız.

 

 

 English  

The University of Florence

 

            The University of Florence (Università degli Studi di Firenze, UNIFI) is a higher study institute in Florence, central Italy. One of the largest and oldest universities in the country, it consists of 12 faculties and has currently about 60,000 students enrolled.

            The University of Florence evolved from the Studium Generale, which was established by the Florentine Republic in 1321. The Studium was recognized by Pope Clement VI in 1349, and authorised to grant regular degrees. The Pope also established that the first Italian faculty of Theology would be in Florence. The Studium became an imperial university in 1364, but was moved to Pisa in 1473 when Lorenzo the Magnificent gained control of Florence. Charles VIII moved it back from 1497-1515, but it was moved to Pisa again when the Medici family returned to power.

            In 1859 it became the Istituto di Studi Pratici e di Perfezionamento, a year later it was recognized as a full fledged university by the government of the unified Italy. In 1923 the Istituto was officially denominated a University by the Italian Parliament.

 

These are the 12 faculties in which the university is divided:

 

  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences
  • Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
  • Faculty of Pharmacology
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Psychology

 

            Faculties are located in traditionally strategic areas based on their subject matter. The Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Political Sciences are in the Polo delle Scienze Sociali (campus of social sciences), in the Novoli district. The Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, the Faculty of Pharmacology, and certain scientific and engineering departments are in the Careggi district. The Faculty of Engineering is located at the S. Marta Institute, whereas the Faculty of Agriculture is in front of the Parco delle Cascine. The Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences is located in Sesto Fiorentino. The Faculty of Architecture is in the Accademia di Belle Arti, home of Michelangelo's David. The Faculties of Psychology, Literature and Philosophy, and Pedagogy are in the centre of Florence, but the first two will be moved in the near future to the aforementioned Polo delle Scienze Sociali.

 

References:

1- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Florence

 

Warning: Do not copy, please follow the references.

 

Deutsch

Die Universität Florenz

 

            Die Universität Florenz (italienisch: Università degli Studi di Firenze, lateinisch: Florentina Studiorum Universitas) ist eine der ältesten und namhaftesten Universitäten Italiens. Sie hat 12 Fakultäten und rund 60.000 eingeschriebene Studenten.

            Heute haben nur mehr die humanistischen Lehrstühle ihren Sitz im Zentrum der Stadt, während Naturwissenschaften in Sesto Fiorentino, Medizin in Careggi und Sozialwissenschaften in Novoli angesiedelt sind. Weitere Fakultäten und Institute liegen außerhalb der Stadt in den toskanischen Orten Prato, Pistoia, Empoli, San Casciano, Vinci, Figline Valdarno, Calenzano und San Giovanni Valdarno.  

            Der Vorläufer der Universität war das im Jahr 1321 eingeführte „Studium generale“. Es beinhaltete zunächst nur drei Fächer: kanonisches und weltliches Recht, Literatur und Medizin. Unter den ersten Lehrenden war Giovanni Boccaccio, der Lektionen über Dantes Göttliche Komödie hielt. Bereits nach drei Jahren wurde der Lehrbetrieb jedoch wieder eingestellt.

 

            Auf Anregung von Papst Clemens VI. wurde ab 1349 wieder gelehrt, zudem gewährte er das Recht, Diplome zu verleihen (Privilegium Maximum). 1364 wurde die Schule zur kaiserlichen Universität erhoben. 1387 wurde hier der erste Lehrstuhl für Griechisch in ganz Europa eingerichtet.

            1473 ließ Lorenzo de Medici das Studium nach Pisa verlegen, wo sie in der dortigen, neu gegründeten Universität aufging; lediglich das theologische Kollegium verblieb in Florenz. In der folgenden turbulenten Zeit wechselten die anderen Fakultäten noch mehrfach den Standort zwischen Pisa und Florenz. Nach der Einigung Italiens wurde sie 1860 als staatliche Universität anerkannt. 

Die referans:

 

   Italiano

 

Facoltà

  • Agraria
  • Architettura
  • Economia
  • Farmacia
  • Giurisprudenza
  • Ingegneria
  • Lettere e Filosofia
  • Medicina e Chirurgia
  • Psicologia
  • Scienze della Formazione
  • Scienze Matematiche, Fisiche e Naturali
  • Scienze Politiche

 

Referenza:

1- http://www.unifi.it

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